original 12 apostles of jesus
Eusebius the historian said the archives at Edessa contained the visit of Judas and the healing of Abgar (the records have now been destroyed). He was not from Galilee--that much is known. Of the 12 Apostles appointed by Jesus, 10 of them died as martyrs.. Judas, the traitor, took his own life.But the last Apostle to die, John, met a very different fate.Living nearly to the very end of the 1st century, he died of natural causes – and it was because of an amazing miracle. So after a bit of researching, we came up […] St Thaddaeus was also known as "Judas the brother of James." In Scripture, James is listed before his younger brother John, yet he remains somewhat obscure except for the fact he is part of Jesus’ inner three. After the Resurrection John with Peter was the first of the disciples to hasten to the grave and he was the first to believe that Christ had truly risen (John, xx, 2-10). But all apostles are disciples (that somewhat depends on how you define Paul the Apostle). (Matthew 10:2-4, emphasis added), And He said to them, “Follow Me, and I will make you fishers of men.” (Matthew 4:19). Tradition strongly suggests that Thomas started the Christian church in India. Judas is best known for betraying Jesus to Roman soldiers with a kiss. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Google worked with the Royal Academy of Arts … When later Christ appeared at the Lake of Genesareth John was also the first of the seven disciples present who recognized his Master standing on the shore (John, xxi, 7). Simon: The First Disciple (aka St. Peter) Simon (known as Peter): Peter (also referred to as Saint … It is significant that he is never mentioned without some reference to his great betrayal. Many Christian churches today base the authority of religious leaders on their supposed connections to the original apostles. Nathanael may have preached in India and translated the book of Matthew into their language. Andrew. Tags apostles, crucifixions, Gospel, Jesus, missionaries, missions ← Was the Great Commission given only to the eleven disciples? When the scribes of the Pharisee’s saw that He was eating with the sinners and tax collectors, they said to His disciples, Why is he eating and drinking with tax collectors and sinners? Many of Jesus' disciples ended up traveling to spread the word of Jesus and to build churches in other areas. The 12 Apostles were the foundation of Jesus’ church and many of them wrote portions of the Bible. Jael in the Bible - 5 Powerful Lessons from Her Story In it Clement had referred to two classes of heretics,--without giving their names,--one of which encouraged all sorts of license, while the other taught celibacy. The twelve apostles, the twelve companions of Jesus were known as the twelve followers, disciples or apostles. Judas served as the treasurer in Jesus' band, and John 12:4-6 identifies him as a thief and … Maybe this is why he is referred to as James the Less in Mark 15:40. Simon was probably a political activist in his younger years. Thomas speaks up. Most early tradition says that Judas, son of James, a few years after Pentecost, took the gospel north to Edessa. Who was Peter in the Bible & Why Was He So Important? Twelve men responded to the call. We have compiled these articles to help you study those whom God chose to set before us as examples in His Word. And I say to thee: That thou art Peter [Kipha, a rock], and upon this rock [Kipha] I will build my church [ekklesian], and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. Bible Summary. There are many books out there on the subject of the apostles but it is difficult to tell where the author got his information.. Then came Peter (also called Simon or Simon Peter, verses 40 - 42), followed by Philip (verses 43 to 44) and then Nathanael (Bartholomew - verse 45). This article is part of our People from the Bible Series featuring the most well-known historical names and figures from Scripture. They are apostles of Jesus Christ (that is, sent by Jesus Christ). John is much more in the forefront of what is happening during the three years of training with Christ. His encounter and call by Jesus is not recorded in Scripture. These three men were said to have belonged to the inner circle of Jesus. After Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus and committed suicide, he was replaced by Matthias (Acts 1:15-26). At this point in his life he fulfilled the same basic criteria the original disciples did in regard to being considered an apostle. As part of Jesus’ “inner three” he was permitted to be present along with Peter and John when Jesus raised Jairus’ daughter from the dead (Mark 5:37), he witnessed Jesus’ transfiguration on the Mount of Olives (Matthew 17:1), and he was in the Garden of Gethsemane with Jesus. Here they are in alphabetical order with a summary of each one. Hircanus the king had him killed with a spear. In The Urantia Book, just like in the Bible, Jesus had 12 Apostles.From this page you can learn more about each apostle and their relationship with Jesus than ever before available. The Bible Story of Queen Esther All rights reserved. Usually nicknamed “Doubting Thomas," Thomas was also called Didymus, meaning The Twin (although a twin brother or sister is never mentioned in the Bible.) Additional Biblical evidence exists … It was at this time that He went off to the mountain to pray, and He spent the whole night in prayer to God. He said, “Oh, cross most welcome and longed for! He was ordained after Christ's death and resurrection. 9:5) His assignment was to bring the Gospel to the circumcised. The list of disciples are mentioned in Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:16-19, Luke 6:13-16 and Acts 1:13. The following is a list of the Apostles (or Desciples), the twelve original followers of Jesus Christ. After they died, their authority was taken from the earth. He was an outspoken skeptic to the point of being known as a pessimist. Only two persons (other than Jesus) were given that honor: Enoch (Genesis 5:24) and Elijah (2 Kings 2:11). You can connect with Ally on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Pinterest. Meaning of Name and Relationships: Petros meaning “Rock”. Initially He selected 12 to accompany Him, also known as apostles (Mark 3:14-19) and later appointed other seventy (Luke 10:1). How Can I Explain God’s Wrath in the Bible as Loving? Jesus Christ selected the 12 apostles from among his early followers to become his closest companions. The text states that their initial instructions were to heal the sick and drive out demons. Who Were the 12 Disciples and What Should We Know about Them? It is believed that the three men did or shared things with Jesus Christ that no other disciple did. Just before James, the son of Zebedeee, was beheaded by Herod (Acts 12:1-2), Jesus selected a man named Saul (later called Paul) to be his apostle to the Gentiles (Acts 9:1-22). He was a passionate preacher and shared the gospel boldly and was a significant contributor to the early church. Jesus’ plan was to eventually have the disciples take over and carry on the work He had started. 6 Things You Didn’t Know About Paul from the Bible Jude is invoked in desperate situations because his New Testament letter stresses that the faithful should persevere in the environment of harsh, difficult circumstances, just as their forefathers had done before them. (John 1:46) Jesus recognized how sincerely his love for God was from the beginning when He said, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no deceit!” (John 1:47). Mt 10:5–42, Lk 9:1–6) to towns in Galilee. After they died, their authority was taken from the earth. Just before the Passion, Jesus answered Philip's query to show them the Father. What Are "Signs and Wonders" of the End Times? And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven." St. James is also known as James the Lesser or James the Younger. She writes for The Mighty.com, Publishous.com, and PublishousNow.com. Although a Jew, we only know him by his Greek name, Philip. Thomas said to Him, Lord, we do not know where You are going, how do we know the way?” (John 14:4-5) Thomas didn’t want to be left behind. (John 6:70-71), The Traitor. He did ask Jesus a question in John 14:22, “Lord, why are you going to reveal yourself only to us and not to the world at large?” Judas seemed overly concerned with this question. They were the commonest of the common. The traditional symbol of Judas is a club and tradition says he was clubbed to death for his faith. Simon: called Peter (Grk. 2:7). Almost nothing. The disciple Peter had his root name from “Petros” which interprets as “rock.” He used … Emmylou Harris Moved To Tears After Band Performs Tribute Song. 1 And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease. A disciple is one who is learning under the leadership of another person (his teacher). Also known as Simon, Simon Peter, or Cephas (Rock), Peter was a gregarious, natural leader, and an obvious spokesperson for the twelve. They serve together as leaders in Re-Engage at Watermark Community Church, Dallas, Texas. While we have learned about their Biblical stories or heard their names, most of us do not know the origin of their names, most with a Hebrew meaning. And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. The Bible Story of Joseph Nothing is known about Judas’ background. She has been a guest author for Bible.org. The earliest church that traces to the 12 apostles known as the Ebion -- the Poor -- did exclude Paul from canon -- a well-known fact that is generally ignored. Mark 6:7–13 states that Jesus initially sent out these twelve in pairs (cf. Many wonder how the 12 apostles died, but The New Testament tells of the fate of only two of the apostles: Judas, who betrayed Jesus and then went out and hanged himself, and James the son of Zebedee, who was executed by Herod about 44 AD . When he joined Jesus, he remained zealous, but with allegiance to Jesus rather than political revolution. petros, petra; Aram. The Life of Ruth - 5 Essential Faith Lessons Get to Know the 12 Apostles of Jesus. The commissioning of the Twelve Apostles is an episode in the ministry of Jesus that appears in all three Synoptic Gospels: Matthew 10:1–4, Mark 3:13–19 and Luke 6:12–16. Some speculate around the same time as Paul was being beheaded. He obviously became a follower and stayed with Jesus for three years. Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them? They were known for taking extra money from the people of Israel to pay off the Romans and to pad their own pockets. His mother’s name is Mary (Mark 15:40) and he has a brother named Joseph (Matthew 27:56). You didn’t choose me. Were the 12 apostles all Jewish? St. Paul tells us he was a witness of the Resurrection of Christ; he is also a "pillar" of the Church, whom St. Paul consulted about the Gospel. 5. Of the original 12 apostles, Judas Iscariot had already committed suicide (Matthew 27:1–5) and is not even mentioned by name in Acts; the remaining 11 are named only once (Acts 1:13). Andrew was a disciple of John the Baptist before he joined with Jesus … And it answers many of those questions. Peter is well known for denying Christ three times after Christ was arrested. It was Andrew who first introduced his older brother Peter to Jesus when they were in the wilderness with John. Who was Melchizedek and Why was He so Important? But he was a man of fierce loyalties, amazing passion, courage, and zeal. In addition to the Twelve Apostles there is a much larger group of people identified as disciples in the opening of the passage of the Sermon on the Plain. Jesus is not an apostle in the same sense as his own apostles were. This drew forth a protest from the Pharisees whom Jesus rebuked in these consoling words: "I came not to call the just, but sinners.". Jael in the Bible - 5 Powerful Lessons from Her Story, 4 Things You May Not Know About Abraham in the Bible, 5 Things to Know About Luke from the Bible, 20 Facts You May Not Know About Moses from the Bible, The Life of Ruth - 5 Essential Faith Lessons, 6 Things You Didn’t Know About Paul from the Bible, John the Baptist: 6 Powerful Truths from His Life, 3 Things You Didn’t Know About Mary (Mother of Jesus). A list of all who have served in the Quorum of 12 Apostles and in the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, including the dates of their ministries. Philip was stoned and crucified in Hierapolis, Phrygia. John the Baptist: 6 Powerful Truths from His Life William Steuart McBirnie Ph.D. has written a wonderful book titled "The Search for the Twelve Apostles." The Bible Story of Job, Bible Study Resources - Tips, Online Bible Search, Devotions. In Revelation 21:14 we are told that the twelve foundations of the wall of the New Jerusalem will have in them the names of the twelve disciples/apostles. Here are 12 proofs: 1. Simon Peter. They were fisherman and worked alongside James and John. 7 months ago. Here was a man who drew as close to the Savior as it is humanly possible to be. Just before James, the son of Zebedeee, was beheaded by Herod (Acts 12:1-2), Jesus selected a man named Saul (later called Paul) to be his apostle to the Gentiles (Acts 9:1-22). What do we know about Philip? St. Bartholomew is often identified with Nathaniel in the New Testament. → Guest post by Roger Thoman: 5 pitfalls of missions. As one of the Twelve, Andrew was admitted to the closest familiarity with Our Lord during His public life; he was present at the Last Supper; beheld the risen Lord; witnessed the Ascension; shared in the graces and gifts of the first Pentecost, and helped, amid threats and persecution, to establish the Faith in Palestine. They later settled in a home together in the town of Capernaum. (Mark 2:16). So after a bit of researching, we came up […] (Mark 1:20). The term is sometimes also applied to others, especially Paul, who was converted to Christianity after Jesus’ death. He was trained and used by Christ in a powerful way to further the Kingdom of God. While journeying along with His Apostles, Jesus asks them: "Whom do men say that the Son of man is?" Who was Melchizedek and Why was He so Important? In addition, seventy (or seventy-two, depending on the source used) people are sent out in pairs to prepare the way for Jesus (Luke 10). Judas served as the treasurer in Jesus' band, and John 12:4-6 identifies him as a thief and an embezzler. During his three years of exile in Arabia he was personally taught by Jesus (Acts 9:20 - 25, Galatians 1:11 - 12, 15 - 18). As Jesus began to obtain followers, He selected twelve to follow Him in a closer way, who received personal teachings and explanations. The original 12 apostles of Jesus Christ have sacrificed and given so much of their lives in advocating Christ’s Gospel. The original Twelve Apostles of Jesus in the New Testament of the Bible were Andrew, Bartholomew, James, James the lesser or younger, John, Matthew, Judas, Peter, Philip, Simon, Thomas and Thaddaeus. “The next day He purposed to go into Galilee, and He found Philip. Therefore, he is the patron saint of desperate cases. Do any denominations rank the apostles? St. Thomas is remembered for his incredulity when the other Apostles announced Christ's Resurrection to him: "Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the place of the nails, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe" (John 20:25); but eight days later he made his act of faith, drawing down the rebuke of Jesus: "Because thou hast seen me, Thomas, thou hast believed; blessed are they that have not seen, and have believed" (John 20:29). in Michelangelo's Last Judgment) as flayed and holding in his hand his own skin. You can read of Judas's betrayal and death in Matthew 26-27 and Acts 1.
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