It is a very common skin condition, may be acute or chronic, acute eczema because inflammation in the upper layer of the skin causes redness, burning, and itching, and in chronic eczema, the skin becomes thick, itchy, cracked and dry. is. Self-care measures, such as avoiding soap or other burns, using less baths, applying creams or ointments, can help relieve itching.
It is a long-lasting (chronic) condition that can occur with asthma or hay fever. It is seen mostly in infants and children, also known as atopic dermatitis, but may persist into adulthood or may appear earlier in life.
Causes of Eczema
Though the reasons are not known but are one of the most important factors.
- Any kind of infection
- Allergies – especially due to environmental substances
- People who have genetic predisposition
- Skin surface and cause irritation.
- Temperature change or humidity
- Body trigger like some clothes
- Chemical triggers such as soaps, detergents, perfumes etc.
Treatment of eczema
Corticosteroid creams or ointments- Doctors may recommend prescription corticosteroid creams or ointments to reduce scaling and relieve itching.
Non-steroidal topical immunomodulator creams such as terrolimus and pimerolarilimus are the latest treatments without much side effects in the form of steroid creams.
Oral antihistamines- If itching is severe, oral antihistamines may help.
Antibiotics – Antibiotics are recommended if you have an open wound or fissure due to a bacterial skin infection or scratch. Doctors may recommend taking antibiotics for a short time or for a long time to reduce the bacteria on your skin and prevent recurrent infections.
If your skin is exposed, the doctor may wear lightly astringent wet clothing to prevent infection.
Symptoms of Eczema
- Skin rash
- Skin can break in places
- Some of the skin is broken (skin layer breakdown)
- It usually feels dry (dryness).
- Blisters and cries develop in some inflamed areas (oozing)
- Small, bulging lumps (swelling) may occur in the area
- Some areas of skin become red and swollen (bleeding)
- It may affect any part of body
- But it classically appears on your arms and behind the knees
- It tends to flare periodically and then subside